The Famous Optical Artist – Bridget Riley an Op Art Pioneer

One of the major Optical Art (Op Art) proponents, British artist and printmaker Bridget Riley was born on the 24th of April, 1931 in London. Riley is most commonly known for her signature black and white oil paintings depicting geographic patterns that cause optical illusions which have become synonymous with the Op Art movement.

Bridget Riley was educated at the Royal College of Art from 1952 to 1955 and in these years her paintings were semi-impressionist and figurative. It was not until the 1960s that her signature style developed.

Riley’s black and white forms – painted in oil paint on canvas – gave viewers the impression of movement and colour due to optical illusions. Works such as -Movement in Squares- (1961), -Black to White Discs- (1961-62), -Loss- (1964), -Blaze 4? (1964), -Drift No. 2? (1966) and -Cataract 3? (1967) typically possessed such characteristics.

Bridget Riley’s paintings also had another feature – the potential for increased audience participation in the appreciation or display of the work of art. This was a hot topic in the 60s, when many performances were being classified as -happenings.- Happenings are unconventional and formless performances where audience involvement actually determines the course of the performance. Riley’s oil paintings were in a sense dependent on what the individual experienced on viewing them. Though the paintings were given names hinting at their subjects, they could be interpreted by the audience in any way.

Riley held the first of these exhibitions, which were pivotal in getting the world’s attention to the Op Art movement and Riley’s art, in 1965 at the Museum of Modern Art, New York City. She had already held her first solo in 1962 at Gallery One, London. Other exhibitions followed, but it was the 1965 show at New York that drew international recognition.

By 1967, Bridget Riley began to modify her style and thought of incorporating oil colour in her art. She began incorporating on colour stripes in an oil painting entitled -Paean- (1973), -Dominance Portfolio, Blue- (1977), -Ra2? (1981) and -Silvered 2? (1981). Crucial to this change was the extensive travelling she undertook from the 1970s. The hieroglyphic decorations she saw during her visit to Egypt played an important part in leading her to incorporate colour and contrast. Her later works are colourful and some of these bright paintings include -Fete- (1999), -Echo- (2000), -Carnival- (2000) and -Sylvan- (2000).

Among the other achievements of Bridget Riley is her distinction of becoming the first woman and British contemporary painter to receive the International Prize for painting at the 1968 Venice Biennale.

Using Artists Materials and supplies in a new and innovative way to pioneer a the Op Art movement in painting, Bridget Riley is undoubtedly one of Britain’s most important artists. Her geometric patterns skilfully created with Oil Paints have influenced many and have been appreciated by all sections of the audience.

About Shi Xinning – A Chinese Artist

Shi Xinning was born on 1969 in Liaoning Province, China. Trained in China, Shi Xinnings paintings are influenced by both social realism and European styles. Using the authoritative qualities of both, Shi embarks on history painting with a twist. Taking his imagery from iconic press photos, Shis canvases faithfully represent the world as we know it, the Yalta Conference in familiar 40s sepia tone, the Queen Mum in carriage emblazoned in newspaper black and white. Its only on second glance that Shis alterations become evident. Nestled between Churchill and FDR and conversing happily with royalty, Mao takes his place amongst the great leaders of the 20th century.
In China-fying history, Shi investigates dynamics of both the wests Eurocentric, and Chinas isolationist past world views. Humorously illustrating the Chairmans import and omnipresence in 20th c Chinese society Shis insertion of Mao into the fabric of western collective conscience seems entirely plausible. Infusing the totems of propaganda currency with a sense of normality and humility, Shi re-authors the most cherished moments of collective memory with a Forrest Gump effect, creating a specious mythology based in Hollywood schmaltz and unabashed optimism.

Selected Exhibitions:

2005
The Road Map of Painting, Beijing, China
The Other Shore of This Shore, Pingyao, China
Mahjong, Kunstmuseum, Bern, Switzerland
China Contemporary Painting, Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio in Bologna, Bologna, Italy

2004
Landscapes, Shanghai Gallery of Art, Shanghai, China
New Perspectives in Chinese Painting, Marella Art Gallery, Milan, Italy
Chinas Photographic Painting, China Art Seasons Gallery, Beijing, China

2003
Moyemode, Moyemobude, 798 Art Zone, Beijing, China
China Art Now, Marella Art Gallery, Milan, Italy

2002
Contemporary Art Exhibition, Deduct Fabricate Copy, Beijing, China

2001
Fake Reality, Beijing, China

1999
Contemporary Art Show “Out-of-control”, Beijing, China

1998
Contemporary Art Exhibition, “In the City- Individuality”, Beijing, China

Conclusions:
Shi Xinning had already established his own style and the impact of the work had won him a strong reputation in Chinese art circles.

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Ahmad Khawaja, the Rock Star Artist

Ahmad Khawaja, the lead singer of the band, The Outcasts, started singing at an early age. He came from a family of singers and ever since, he was always in a certain band singing the lead. Also, he is quite talented with an electric guitar and drums which always got him grounded for disturbing his neighbors back in New Orleans.

Ahmad Khawaja was the youngest of 3 children, enough reason for him to be doted upon by his mother. By the time he was in middle school, he expressed his wishes to join in a rock band. This, of course, was frowned upon by his father who was a highly conservative and religious person. Although also a musician, his father’s genre of music was into the classical and religious scenes. When he was in junior high, he and his high school band, The Boarders, started playing on their school gigs. They later started playing on the local shows in town during special events.

The Boarders, however, soon disbanded for different reasons. Two members of the band, Ahmad and his best friend Michael Pensworth decided to pursue their career as rock star artists. After meeting the other members of the group in a local bar, The Outcasts was formed.

At the start of the band formation, everything was not really smooth with them that the group almost disbanded. It was Ahmad who made the group promise that they were not to disband without even trying for one last gig. It was at this gig that they started to be noticed and soon afterwards, the rest was just history. Producers soon came knocking on their doorsteps with various offers of supporting them as well as endorsements. The Outcasts write their own songs and compose their own music with messages regarding love and nationalism. The Outcasts are actually the youth’s idol when it comes to the rock star band of the 21st century without the drugs and the booze.

Ahmad Khawaja and The Outcasts have come a long way since. Ahmad claims his inspirations when writing songs and singing his rock songs and ballads would always come from his high school girlfriend turned wife Julie Tyler. His fans are also another source of his inspiration as they never fail to amaze him with their love for him and his music. He says he will continue to write and sing for them as long as they want him to.

Know the interesting facts about Ahmad Khawaja, check out Ahmad Khawaja profile to know more.

Celebrities That Wear Eco-friendly, Lab Diamonds

Let’s play Paparazzi for a second and see which celebrities prefer eco-friendly, lab diamonds to mined diamonds. Rumor has it that Gwyneth Paltrow, Minnie Driver, and Angelina Jolie are among the environmentally conscious. They have been seen wearing synthetic diamonds to gala events.

Lab Diamonds Are Ethical

The reason behind their decision is not based on appearance alone. Sure, synthetic diamonds look just like natural diamonds. The desire to wear these lab-grown beauties has more to do with ethics. Because of the unethical way some diamonds are obtained, many celebrities have make a conscious decision to avoid buying them at all costs.

Conflict Diamonds Are Responsible For Civil Rights Violations

As a Goodwill Ambassador for the UN, Angelina Jolie speaks out against human rights violations. Her humanitarian efforts have assisted those struggling in war-torn countries. The last thing that a person in her position would want to do is wear a conflict diamond from a place like Sierra Leone. It would go against everything she was worked so hard to accomplish.

Some Reasons Why Synthetic Diamonds Are So Appealing

There are a number of reasons why lab diamonds appeal to celebrities. First and foremost, they look beautiful and can be put into almost every type of setting. It doesn’t matter if it’s silver, gold or white gold, the stones look amazing as earrings, pendants, bracelets, and rings. They can even be placed into antique settings that are inherited or purchased from antique stores and online dealers.

Next, celebs are all about being eco-friendly. They don’t want to support practices that wreak havoc on the environment or put people’s lives in danger. It is a known fact that conflict diamonds help support violent and illegal activities. They also are the reason why in parts of Africa, entire tracts of land have been devastated, local water sources have been poisoned, indigenous populations have been forced to relocate, and removed the community’s primary source of livelihood has been completely eliminated.

Last but not least, they, like other people, enjoy getting a bargain. Lab-grown diamonds have the same look, appeal, and clarity as natural diamonds. The biggest difference is that they don’t have an enormous price tag affixed to them. This allows individuals from all walks of life to be able to own and enjoy them.

Lab Diamonds Dress Up Any Outfit

You’ll see singers, writers, actors, actresses, professional athletes, and reality TV stars with lab diamonds around their wrists, necks, and fingers. In fact, it isn’t nothing unusual to see a celebrity wearing a stunning piece of jewelry filled with synthetic diamonds. You may see him or her walking around in jeans or wearing a baseball hat. Truth be known, these exquisite, conflict-free diamonds are every bit as luxurious as natural diamonds. That’s why they can dress up even the most casual outfit as demonstrated by the fabulous men and women that wear them.

Ed Hardy – From Tattoo Artist To Fashion Brand

Before breaking into the fashion world, Don Ed Hardy was a tattoo artist from Southern California. He was born in 1945 and graduated from the San Francisco Art Institute with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree. In 1973, he had the opportunity to study Japanese tattoo design under Horihide, a master of classical Japanese tattoo. Don Ed Hardy’s tattoos are one-of-a-kind and recognised around the world.

He and his wife have published a series of books about alternative art, under the label of Hardy Marks Publications. Hardy’s publishing career began with his five-part series “Tattootime.” He now has over 25 publications to his name, including many catalogs of his work.

Although Hardy no longer tattoos, he still oversees the work done at his studio, Tattoo City in San Francisco. He continues to concentrate on other art forms, including printmaking, painting and drawing, using his distinctive style.

In 2002, Hardy made the move into the world of fashion, licensing Ku USA to begin production of clothing using his artwork and style. Saks noticed the colorful and unique designs and began to distribute the clothing. Hardy formed an LLC with Ku USA, called Hardy Life.

The Ed Hardy clothing line was later licensed to Christian Audigier in 2004, following a chance meeting. Celebrities quickly picked up on the new fashion line and a new trend was born: tattoo fashion. Ed Hardy stores were opened in fashion districts, including New York, Los Angeles and Dubai. Devotees of the brand consider it more of a lifestyle celebrating tattoo art, rather than simply clothing to wear.

An Ed Hardy line is also available for kids. The line features clothing ranging from baby sizes all the way up to clothing for teens, available up to size 16. Items available include designer T-shirts, hoodies, dresses, jeans and even school supplies featuring tattoo artwork.

A line of professional styling tools marketed under the Ed Hardy name was introduced in 2010. The tools, all featuring the Ed Hardy name and artwork, include items like styling irons, blow dryers and hair accessories.

The Christian Audigier fragrance line first introduced Ed Hardy fragrances in 2008. The first offerings were Ed Hardy for women and Ed Hardy for men. The feminine version brings to life the vibrant tattoo art. The bright fruity scents of mango, strawberries and grapefruit are instant attention grabbers, the fragrant representation of the blazing colors in the artwork. Ed Hardy for men is woody and aromatic, with mandarin orange, bergamot and sage at the top, a hint of mint and a deep base of amber and musk.

These fragrances were followed by other in the series, including Hearts and Daggers, Love and Luck, Born Wild and Villain. Most of the fragrances in the Ed Hardy collection are available in both men’s and women’s versions.

Allergy Spares No One, Not Even Celebrities!

Allergy indeed is an inevitable thing, it spares no one! Allergies are abnormal reactions to ordinarily harmless substances. Allergic reactions occur when the immune system is triggered by allergens which can either be inhaled, swallowed or come in contact with skin.

Some of the most common allergens are; pollens, dust, foods, insect bites, mold spores, viruses, bacteria, even sudden change in environmental condition, plants and perfumes. People may vary in allergic reactions, some may have simple frequent sneezing, others may have skin rash from mild to severe, and some people may have other allergic reaction.

Celebrities With Allergies

Celebrities need to look good in front of the cameras all the timejust imagine seeing your favourite star sneezing all the time during an interview, or having those swollen nose, swollen lips or even swollen face because of allergies. That would be so shameful! But allergies are inevitable thing; anyone can have allergieseven stars!

Some of these stars are never ashamed to admit that they too have allergies; the telltale itchy, puffy, watery eyes and red, stuffy nose signal changes in the seasons in homes and workplaces across the country. What these people suffer from is allergic rhinitis, or hay fever. Hugh Grant, Scarlet Johansson and Hillary Duff all have hay fever. So the next time you see them on screen with the red nose, they may be suffering from their allergic rhinitis again!

As a celebrity, they must not only look goodthey should also smell really good because they will be dealing with so many people. But the perception of what really smells good for Eva Longoria and Drew Barrymore may be confusing because they are both allergic to perfumes.

Cats and dogs has been once a trend among the celebrities, we often see them cuddle them around. But for Paula Abdul, Nicole Ritchie, Tyra Banks and Alanis Morissette Cats are NO NO! These celebrities are all allergic to cats. Nelly Furtado is another star whos allergic to dogs, for his reason we never see her on screen with a dog. The furs on these pets probably trigger their allergies.

Sharon Stone and Anna Kournikova are both allergic to flowers. Mandy Moore is allergic to smoke, perhaps during her concerts she would not allow the smoke effect. Steve Martin, like many other ordinary people is allergic to shellfish. Its one of the most common allergies which so many people are suffering from. Britney Spears and Antonio Banderas are both allergic to insect sting; they often have this inflammation from an insect bite.

For this reason, it is very important to have an allergy test. Having an allergy test will help you avoid those allergens which cause your allergic reaction. As to what they always say, prevention is better than cure.

Famous Cancer Celebrities

Those who are born between June 22nd and July 22nd will come under the sun sign called Cancer. This zodiac sign has the symbol of ‘The Crab’. Cancerians are prone to mood swings and are real extroverts. Given below are 5 famous Cancer celebrities:

Lindsay Lohan was born on July 2, 1986 and she is a famous American singer and an actress. Her roles in films such as Freaky Friday, The Parent Trap and Mean Girls earned her great popularity.

Prince William, Duke of Cambridge was born on June 21 1982. He is the elder son of Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales. He is second in the line of succession behind his father, to the Common wealth realms comprising of sixteen independent sovereign states.

Jessica Ann Simpson is also a true Cancerian. She is a famous American television personality, actress and a fashion designer of repute. She has starred in several commercials, TV shows and movies and has made a name for herself as a brilliant actress. She has also designed beauty products, shoes and fragrances for women.

Thomas Cruise Mapother IV, otherwise known as Tom Cruise is a popular American producer and actor. He has won three Golden Globe awards and has been nominated for three academy awards. He has acted in several top films such as Magnolia, Days of Thunder, The Last Samurai, Collateral and others.

Bill Cosby or William Henry “Bill” Cosby, Jr. is the fifth Cancer celebrity. He is a popular American actor, comedian, television producer, author, musician, educator and activist.

True Cancerians never run behind publicity and fame. However they love to bask in the limelight if it follows them. They can also get depressed occasionally and drown you into a bottomless pit through their cold behaviour. Cancerians are very sensitive and are known to hide their fears behind the veil of good humour. They are dreamers for whom sky is the limit. When they cry which is not often, it means that they are deeply hurt inside. A rough tone or harsh look can break their hearts easily.

Read more: Famous Cancer and Cancer Sign

Hedonistic Culinary artist Recipes

elaborate gourmet chef Recipes are recipes for adventurous cooks. There is a website where you can sign up and look at plenty of interesting recipes.I refer thousands people to the website for their recipes. sumptuous culinary artist recipes are scrumptious. The recipes are split into Appetisers and Snacks, Beverages, Breakfast and Brunch, Cooking Methods, Crafts, Desserts, Especially For Family, Festival, Main Dishes, Preparation Time and Side Dishes. There are many dinner recipes that are smaller than 500 calories per person. Each of their recipes that I produced was delicious and you are given details of their mineral content. The recipes are not costly, and you have to make with fresh products, which aid a healthy diet, but are more expensive than cheaper processed foods. I use these recipes during important occasions such as dinner parties, birthday meals, Thanksgiving, Christmas, Easter, 4th July. In fact I look for any excuse to use these recipes, they are so good! affluent cuisinier recipes are provided by a group of experts who are employed by the business. Recipes are given to their web page every day. Apart from the cooks from the business generating and supplying the recipes to the business’s homepage, you can also find addional information on the net. On my blog I have provided some examples of recipes from their website. As a culinary artist I know the importance of balancing good wholesome foofared with color, palatableness, texture and nutrition. These recipes deal with all these principles. There are also recipes for special diets, such as diabetes and celiacs. So, are you feeling enterprising or just looking for a change? A lot of the recipes are very straightforward and can be prepared with the minimum of cooking experience. Don’t forget, apart from these recipes providing an eating experience, they also provide you with all the essential minerals, such as protein, carbohydrate, fats, vitamins, minerals and water, which we need on a regular basis to remain hydrated. One of the recipes I have included is Fried Chicken Salad which uses fresh ingredients such as iceberg lettuce, cucumber, green pepper, baby tomatoes, radishes, onions and ranch dressing. Now how about that for fresh salad ingredients!

For more ideas go to Pampered Chef Recipes

How Some Celebrities Diet–Part 2

Oprah Winfrey As one of the most successful talk-show hosts in the world, there is no question that Oprah needs to maintain her physical appearance for her millions of audiences. Known as one of those celebrities who are constantly battling weight gain, she has recently toned up her figure and has never looked figure in age 50 by combining a regular exercise regime and diet plan. Oprah works out five days a week, spending 30 minutes on the threadmill and doing free weights. Her eating plan consists of legumes, fish, nuts, fruits and vegetables, chicken and dairy products that are lowfat. She limits her consumption of white sugar and flour. Oprah also credits her trim figure to her habit of not eating anything after seven in the evening.

4. Gwyneth Paltrow A lot of people may find it hard to believe that the perpetually slim Academy award-winning actress actually needs to diet. Gwyneth actually follows a healthy eating plan that resembles Oprah’s, avoiding sugar and white flour. She usually follows a macrobiotic diet, eating foods like vegetables, brown rice, and lean meat. She also eliminated dairy from her diet, and does yoga everyday.

5. Madonna The pop star known as the Material Girl has always flaunted a body that is to die for, and has become a true fitness paragon over the years. She keeps herself in tip-top shape by having Ashtanga Yoga, and follows a strict diet that mostly shuns junk foods. She adopted a macrobiotic eating plan that includes organic foods rich in lean protein.

6. Claudia Schiffer The bodacious German supermodel eats salad and steamed vegetables for dinner and eats only fruits before the afternoon. While on locations, she prefers to eat black grapes and drinks tomato juice and herbal tea.

7. Christie Brinkley Long-time supermodel maintains her all-American good looks by being a vegetarian. She does not keep junk foods of any kind inside her home to make sure that she does not eat them when cravings occur. She snacks on sweet potatoes in place of candy bars, and she adopts a liquid juice diet when she needs to slim down fast.

Celebrities are just like ordinary people. They need to maintain their figures just like anyone else, and there is more pressure on their part since they are constantly in the public eye. Ordinary folks can have celebrity-like bodies, too, and by following these diet and fitness plans, they can also look like red-carpet worthy.

For more on celebrities and how you can join them in dieting to remain fit please visit

Even Celebrities Need DUI Attorneys

A culture’s celebrities reflect the current societal climate quite effectively. A multitude of movie stars, musicians and professional athletes have needed to engage a DUI attorney to get them out of a drunk driving jam, just like so many average citizens. Here are the top ten celebrities who have been hit with a DUI (Driving Under the Influence) charge over the last few years.

1) Mel Gibson, movie actor extraordinaire, producer and director, who has starred in such hits as “Passion of the Christ-, “What Women Want-, “Braveheart- and many others. He is an Academy Award winner. He has had more than one brush with the law . His most recent arrest was in 2006 and he has admitted struggling with alcohol and that alcoholism runs in his family.

2) Stephanie Pratt, MTV “Hills- starlet, was arrested for driving under the influence in October 2009. She was booked into a San Fernando Valley, California jail.

3) Paris Hilton, lovely, young socialite and heiress to the Hilton Hotel fortune, was taken into custody in 2006. She brushed off the incident saying that she was hungry and in a hurry to pick up a hamburger.

4) Nicole Richie, a television actress and fashion designer, was arrested and booked into jail in 2007. She is now the mother of two young children and has been said to have turned over a new leaf from her old partying lifestyle.

5) Lindsay Lohan, a movie actress who has starred in multiple flicks including “Parent Trap-, a Disney remake, was taken into custody in the summer of 2007.

6) Charles Barkley, basketball superstar and television commentator, was arrested for a DUI on January 1, 2009.

7) Heidi Fleiss, notorious Hollywood madam, was arrested along with driving without a license and an assortment of other charges.

8) Haley Joel Osment, who as a child starred in the movie “The Sixth Sense-, was taken into custody for at the age of eighteen in 2006.

9) Pete Doherty, musician, was arrested for driving intoxicated in summer of 2009. He plays with the band, Babyshambles, which is a British Indie band.

10) Richie Sambora, guitarist for the band Bon Jovi, pleaded guilty to a DUI in the Spring of 2008.

No matter how famous you may be, you may still stumble, fall and need the services of a reputable DUI attorney. All of these superheroes and heroines made a rapid call to an attorney with the expertise required to minimize their mistake, and the average citizen should remember to do the same.

In Media PA DUI attorney have the experience and the knowhow to reduce your sentence or fine when charged under intoxication. Make sure you call them when in need. To know more, visit